Configuring bonding on RHEL7 step by step

What is ?

Two or more than that network adapters in corporate with single logical network pipe.

Logical network interface work as master and physical network interfaces are work as slave.

IP Address is assigned to  logical interface instead of assigning physical interfaces.

Logical interface only will work on connecting any internal/external network traffic.

It has several modes of operations based on behavior.

Modes:

  1. Round robin
  2. Active backup
  3. XOR
  4. Broadcast

Advantages:

  1. Better throughput
  2. Load balancing
  3. Fault tolerance

Issue ip a command to check available interfaces in server.

in my server, i have two insterfaces called enp0s3  and enp0s8

Using mobprobe command load the bonding kernel if its not loaded already.

[[email protected] ~]# modprobe bonding

To check whether the bonding driver in kernel  use the modinfo command and that will list the details like below once its loaded.

[[email protected] ~]# modinfo bonding
 filename: /lib/modules/3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64/kernel/drivers/net/bonding/bonding.ko
 author: Thomas Davis, [email protected] and many others
 description: Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver, v3.7.1
 version: 3.7.1
 license: GPL
 alias: rtnl-link-bond
 rhelversion: 7.3
 srcversion: B664145ACFBCC961505C750
 depends:
 intree: Y
 vermagic: 3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64 SMP mod_unload modversions

Create a file called ifcfg-bond0 which will work as logical interface in bonding using vi editor with below mentioned settings under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0

DEVICE=bond0
 TYPE=Bond
 NAME=bond0
 BONDING_MASTER=yes
 BOOTPROTO=none
 ONBOOT=yes
 IPADDR=192.168.43.250
 NETMASK=255.255.255.0
 GATEWAY=192.168.43.1
 BONDING_OPTS="mode=5 miimon=100"
 ZONE=public

:wq

save and exit from the file.

now the bond0 logical interface has been created and have to set the slave interface by following below steps.

in our case already we have two interfaces called enp0s3 and enp0s8. for the same configuration file also already there under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts with below name’s

ifcfg-enp0s3

ifcfg-enp0s8

edit the above two files using vi editor and make entry for MASTER and SLAVE. Set the MASTER=bond0 and SLAVE=Yes for the both interface configuration files like below.

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3

TYPE=Ethernet
 NAME=enp0s3
 UUID=f42b80f0-95dd-4126-a5f8-62db4f4a368f
 DEVICE=enp0s3
 ONBOOT=yes
 MASTER=bond0
 SLAVE=Yes

 

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s8

TYPE=Ethernet
 NAME=enp0s8
 DEVICE=enp0s8

UUID=f42b80f0-95dd-4126-a5f8-62db4f4a368f
 ONBOOT=yes
 MASTER=bond0
 SLAVE=Yes

 

Now use ifdown and ifup command to bring down and bring up the bond0 interface.

[[email protected] ~]# ifdown bond0
../network: line 2: NETWORKING: command not found
Device 'bond0' successfully disconnected.
[[email protected] ~]# ifup bond0
../network: line 2: NETWORKING: command not found
Connection successfully activated (D-Bus active path: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/ActiveConnection/16)

 

Then check the ip of bond0 to confirm whether our bonding has been working or not.

[[email protected] ~]# ip a | grep bond0
6: bond0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,MASTER,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN qlen 1000
 inet 192.168.43.250/24 brd 192.168.43.255 scope global bond0

 

We configured bonding successfully. Now will communicate from remote server to this server using bond0 interface ip address (192.168.43.250)

Thanks for your support 🙂

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